Beta Die Casting Equipment is the largest buyer and reseller of used die cast machinery in the world. We currently have 205 machines in stock in our warehouse ready for inspection in-person or over the internet. Why deal with machine brokers when you can go right to the source!
Beta Die Casting Equipment also buys and sells industrial machines and automation equipment such as die sprayers, die casting ladles, extractors, multi-slide machines, trim presses, CNC machines, furnaces, robotics, temperature controllers, shot blast machines, die holders and other auxiliary equipment.
All machinery is located in our warehouse and is ready for delivery to any part of the world. We are a service orientated company with over 35 years of experience and a comprehensive knowledge of the global market. Our highly-trained multilingual representatives are dedicated to help you find the machine for your project and budget.
Die casting is an efficient method of creating a broad range of shapes, die castings are one of the most mass produced components today and are found in many items in and around the home. Many toy cars use die casting in their production, as do real vehicles. Die casting offers high accuracy in its products with a good quality surface finish which is suitable for many products without the need for extra polishing or machining.
The Die Casting Process
Die casting first requires the creation of a steel mould (called a Die) of the part to be cast, these moulds once created are fitted to the die casting machine and injected under pressure with the desired molten metal or alloy of choice. There are two methods of injection, these being hot chamber and cold chamber.
The Cold Chamber Process
Cold chamber die casting is a permanent mold metal casting process. A reusable mold, gating system and all, is employed. It is most likely machined precisely from two steel blocks. Large robust machines are used to exert the great clamping force necessary to hold the two halves of the mold together against the tremendous pressures exerted during the manufacturing process.
The power cylinder forces the piston forward in the chamber, cutting off the intake port. The power cylinder moving the piston forward forces the molten material into the casting mold with great pressure. Pressure causes the liquid metal to fill in even thin sections of the metal casting and press the mold walls for great surface detail. The pressure is maintained some time after the injection phase of die casting manufacture.
Once the metal casting begins to solidify, the pressure is released. Then the mold is opened and the casting is removed by way of ejector pins. The mold is sprayed with lubricant before closing again, and the piston is withdrawn in the shot chamber for the next cycle of production.
Cold Chamber Die Casting For Manufacture
The main difference between cold-chamber die casting and hot-chamber die casting manufacture is that in the cold-chamber process the molten metal for the casting is introduced to the shot chamber from an external source, while in the hot chamber process the source of molten material is attached to the machine. In the hot-chamber process, certain machine apparatus is always in contact with molten metal. For this reason, higher melting point materials will create a problem for the machinery in a hot-chamber metal casting setup. Since the liquid metal is brought in from an outside source, the die casting machinery is able to stay much cooler in a cold-chamber process.
Consequently, higher melting point alloys of aluminum, brass, copper, and aluminum-zinc are often metal cast in manufacturing industry using cold chamber die casting. It is very possible to manufacture castings from lower melting point alloys using the cold-chamber method. When considering industrial metal casting manufacture, however, the advantages of production by the hot-chamber process usually make it the more suitable choice for lower melting point alloys.
In the cold chamber die casting process, material must be brought in for every shot or cycle of production. This slows down the production rate for metal casting manufacture. Where in the hot chamber process, castings can be constantly output. Cold chamber die casting should still be considered a high production manufacturing process.
In comparison with the hot die casting process, the cold die casting process requires the application of more pressure. The pressure at which the molten metal is forced into and fills the die cavity in cold chamber metal casting manufacture typically outranks the pressure used to fill the die in hot chamber metal casting by about an order of magnitude. Pressures of 3000 psi to 50000 psi (20MPa to 350MPa) may be used in manufacturing industry to fill the mold cavities with molten material during cold chamber die casting manufacture. Castings manufactured by cold chamber die casting have all the advantages characteristic of the die casting process, such as intricate detail, thin walls, and superior mechanical properties. The significant initial investment into this manufacturing process makes it suitable for high production applications.